Summer Sunday luncheon

Sharon Jessup Joyce

Summer Sunday salad lunch

Recently we took a day trip to Ottawa. Bob and Shelly and I went to have lunch with Dad and Cassandra (Dave was at the Calgary Stampede and Brody and Adrian each had plans with friends). I wanted a special meal, but it needed to be portable. And it was a hot weekend, so I wanted it to be served cold. We ended up with cold poached salmon with avocado mayonnaise, a Nicoise-style potato and bean salad, baby greens with strawberries and strawberry-balsamic vinaigrette and a corn salad and bread from Pan Chancho. For dessert, we had strawberry-rhubarb vanilla cake with fresh strawberries and whipped cream. Some of Dad’s own white wine complemented the meal wonderfully.

IMG_1642Nicoise-style potato salad (portions given are for 1 pound of potatoes)

Cook new potatoes whole and unpeeled in salted water. When they are done, peel skin (optional), drain and toss with red wine vinegar (about 1 tablespoon vinegar to 1 pound of potatoes) and salt to taste. Set aside to cool.

Cook green beans (or green and yellow beans) until just tender, then drain and soak for 10 minutes in an ice-water bath. Drain and dry thoroughly.

Shred about 1/4 cup basil. Dice 2-3 green onions. Set aside.

Crush 2 garlic cloves and mix with 2 tablespoons red wine vinegar, 1 tablespoon lemon juice, 2 teaspoons dijon mustard, 4 tablespoons olive oil, pinch of sugar and black pepper to taste. Add basil and green onions to dressing and dress potatoes and beans with dressing. Reserve about 1 tablespoonful of dressing.

Slice cherry tomatoes in half or large tomatoes into wedges. Put tomato pieces on top of salad and drizzle with remaining dressing. Garnish with black olives.

Full-meal option: Add wedges of hard-boiled egg or tuna, or both.

Poached Mexican-style salmon with avocado mayonnaise (serves 4)

Mix juice of 1 lime, 1 tablespoon olive oil, 1 teaspoon chipotle chili powder and 1 Poached salmonteaspoon sugar. A small amount of salt is optional, but I didn’t use any this time.

Pour seasoning into a large skillet with a cover. Put one single piece of fresh salmon (1 to 1-1/2 pounds) in skillet and cover. Bring liquid just to boil and turn down to simmer. Simmer until salmon is opaque and flakes easily. Depending on its thickness and how you like your fish, this may be about 7 to 15 minutes. The nice thing about this cooking method is that the salmon won’t dry out, but you obviously don’t want it to become mushy. When the fish is cooked, set it off the heat, uncovered, to cool. Pour the poaching liquid over the fish while it cools.

Slice limes and cucumber very thin and place in a ring around a plate. Once the salmon has cooled, transfer it carefully and place it in the middle of the ring (a large spatula in each hand, a slow, careful approach, and a certain amount of cursing seems to do the trick).  Garnish with cilantro and chill until serving.

Cassie and hydrangeas Sunday lunch

Avocado mayonnaise

Puree two ripe avocadoes, 1-2 tablespoons buttermilk, juice of 1/2 to 1 lime, 1 jalapeno pepper, 2-3 green onions and about 1/2 cup cilantro, with salt to taste. Add a pinch of sugar if sauce is too tangy for your taste. Blend until very smooth. If you want a thicker sauce, substitute any mayonnaise dressing you like (full-fat, half-fat, no fat, Miracle Whip, etc.) for the buttermilk.

A note about limes (and Atlantic salmon)

Why have limes become so expensive? Mexican and Central American drug cartels have moved in to try to control lime production, since the North American appetite for limes has made the fruit a tremendously valuable commodity. In many areas, the criminals are succeeding, with really horrifying results, including the illegal seizure of farms and crops, and even the deaths of farmers and other citizens in lime-producing regions. It’s a complex situation, with one approach being to stop consuming limes. Much as I love that little green citrus fruit, I did consider making this choice, using lemons as a (poor) substitute for many dishes I cook and my family enjoys. But as I researched the issue, I found that lime farmers are organizing to fight back, with the support of governments and citizen justice organizations. These groups have asked North American consumers to keep eating limes, but source them carefully, from reputable growers and distributors. With the complexity of the food production and distribution chain, I’m not confident that limes I buy in Kingston, Ontario have a legitimate pedigree, the way I could know, for example, if I lived in southern California. It’s interesting that in Nova Scotia, our limes often come from Israel and other Mediterranean locales. In the meantime, I will pledge to keep eating local and seasonal fruits as much as I can — hence the focus on strawberries at our table in June and July.

And yes, farmed Atlantic salmon has also become an increasingly problematic food. I find hope in a recent conversation I had with a fishmonger in Halifax, who was telling me about new approaches to fish farms that will help to reduce overcrowding, disease and escapes into wild stocks so prevalent with current farms. The problem? Cost, of course. As consumers, we will literally need to put our money where our mouth is. And we need to care enough to do our homework to make sure we are eating fish raised ethically for all parties (including the salmon). As a part-time resident of Nova Scotia, the pat answer that I should eat more wild Pacific salmon isn’t a long-term solution for the Maritime provinces’ economy, Atlantic Canadians’ goal to eat locally or for the Pacific fishery, for that matter. And Atlantic salmon is a different species with a very different taste from its Pacific counterparts.


Sharon divides her time between Kingston, Ontario and St Margarets Bay, Nova Scotia, and tries to shop, cook and eat locally — and ethically — wherever she is, but it’s not easy sometimes!
Welcome to our family’s discussion forum on food. If you’d like to submit a post, please consider yourself family, and email us at

After a good dinner, one can forgive anybody, even one’s own relations.”

- Oscar Wilde, A Woman of No Importance

Easy fried rice

Adrian Schneider

Vegetable and egg fried rice

On Monday, I had a hankering for some eggs. Normally that’s a pretty easy thing to take care of: omelettes, fried eggs, poached eggs… all have a happy place in my limited store of memorized recipes. But I was in the mood for something different. Grasping at everything I could think of to do with eggs, a vision of scrambled eggs popped into my head. Problem was, we had run out of milk, and I wanted something stronger and eggier anyway. Scrambled eggs, just the eggs, the same kind we slice up into strips and put on fried rice….


Fried rice

The following is what I used, but there’s no particular reason to restrict yourself to these quantities or ingredients. It turned out to be a pair of lunches’ worth.


  • 1/2 cup white basmati rice
  • 2 teaspoons low-taste cooking oil (sunflower in this case)
  • 1 cup broth (2 pouches of chicken oxo in water, here, but vegetable stock would work nicely; a teaspoon of soya sauce would have been a good addition)
  • 1/3 cup cooking onions (I used 2 miniature onions from the market)
  • 1/4 of a large sweet red bell chili (ed note: called a bell pepper by many of us)
  • the rest of a bag of frozen peas, like 1/3 cup or so
  • 2 large eggs


A bowl of fried rice isn’t especially difficult to put together. The only real trick to it, rather appropriately, is frying the rice. If you fry the rice after it’s cooked, you get blobs of rice grains that are hard and crunchy on the outside, never a texture I’ve enjoyed. So you do it before. Put the oil in a pan on medium and wait for it to get hot, then put in your uncooked rice. You want to fry the grains until they’re a nice uniform golden colour. They’ll need to be stirred constantly, especially toward the end. You’ll see the grains puff up a bit, but don’t worry, they’ll be nice and golden before they turn into Rice Krispies.

Put the rice aside in a bowl while you start the broth boiling; it needs to cool a bit. Once the rice is fried you just handle it like regular rice: put it in the boiling water, cover, turn down to a low simmer, and steam for ~15 minutes. This is a good time to start your vegetables sauteeing if you like them soft like I do. Frozen peas don’t need the cooking and can just be thrown into the rice once it’s finished steaming, but the onions and sweet chili (ed: bell pepper) want to be diced up and simmered. Once the rice is steamed and in its final absorb-the-water stage, transfer all your vegetables to the rice pot and put the lid back on.

It’s finally egg time. Despite being kinda scrambled egg-like, the cooking is more like making an omelette. Whisk up the eggs and put them into a pan preheated to medium heat. You want them to cook into a flat sheet, so make sure the pan is large enough for them to spread out. If you’re anything like me, you’ll start worrying that they’re cooking too slowly and want to turn up the heat, but keep it even; you want the middle cooked enough that you can flip the egg-disk over, but without the bottom getting scorched. Once the eggs are solid enough that you can flip them, do so (or stick them under a broiler if you prefer). They’ll cook very rapidly from here, probably only a minute or two. Slide them onto a board and slice them into short strips with a sharp knife.

Serve out the rice, and decorate liberally with the strips of egg. Then eat.


Adrian cooks recreationally and eats seriously in Kingston, Ontario. 
Welcome to our family’s discussion forum on food. If you’d like to submit a post, please consider yourself family, and email us at

After a good dinner, one can forgive anybody, even one’s own relations.”

- Oscar Wilde, A Woman of No Importance

Canada Day with a Mexican twist

Chicken avocado saladSharon Jessup Joyce

We’ve been into salad suppers lately. It’s partly because there’s so much fresh produce around, but also because we’ll do anything to avoid turning on the oven in this heat. Many of our nightly salads have been greens-based and vegetarian, but I wanted to make something a little heartier for Bob’s and my Canada Day lunch. So here’s what we had — not very Canadian, I guess, but delicious.

Ingredients for chicken-avocado salad with sliced tomatoes (serves 4)


  • 4 boneless, skinless chicken breast halves
  • 1 tablespoon olive oil
  • 1 teaspoon chipotle chili powder
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • Juice of 1 lime


  • 2 ripe (but not mushy) avocadoes, cubed
  • 4 scallions, sliced
  • 1/2 cup chopped cilantro
  • 1/2 to 1 jalapeno pepper, finely chopped
  • 1 tablespoon olive oil
  • Juice of 1 small lime (about 2 tablespoons)
  • 1/4 cup regular or low-fat sour cream
  • 2 tablespoons regular or reduced-fat mayonnaise
  • 2 tablespoons regular or low-fat buttermilk
  • 1 teaspoon sugar or honey


  • 1 scallion, diced
  • 2 tablespoons chopped cilantro
  • 1/4 cup diced sweet red pepper (optional)


  1. Preheat skillet with 1 tablespoon olive oil.
  2. Sprinkle chicken breasts with salt and chipotle chili powder and brown on both sides.
  3. Pour juice of 1 lime over chicken, cover skillet and simmer until chicken is fully cooked.
  4. Set aside chicken to cool. Reserve pan juices, which should be thick and reddish-brown.
  5. Mix remaining olive oil, lime juice, sugar or honey, salt, sour cream, mayonnaise and buttermilk. Add reserved pan juices and mix.
  6. Dice chicken, avocado, scallion and jalapeno pepper and toss gently in dressing.
  7. Mound salad in centre of rimmed soup bowl or luncheon plate and surround with tomato slices.
  8. Sprinkle additional chopped cilantro and scallion (and red pepper, if using) on salad.

Strawberry sangria

Cousin Natalie gave me a shout-out on Facebook for my traditional sangria recipe, so of course I instantly wanted some. Here is a version of sangria we had yesterday to take advantage of what we had in the house. I never drink Fresita without remembering good times with Summer and Alysha, and yesterday was no exception.

Strawberry sangria


  • 2 cups dry rose
  • 2 ounces amber or white rum
  • Juice of 1 lime
  • 1 cup strawberries, sliced
  • 2 cups Fresita strawberry sparkling wine (available at the LCBO and many other wine stores)
  • 2 cups sparkling water
  • Lime slices
  • Sprig of mint  for each glass

Slice the strawberries and pour the rum and lime juice over them to sit for at least an hour. Add rose and lime slices. Let sit in fridge. To make a glass of strawberry sangria, put ice cubes in a large wine glass. Pour two parts wine-fruit-rum mixture and top with one part each of chilled Fresita and chilled sparkling water.

Lime mousse with strawberries and vanilla whipped cream

For last night’s dessert, we broke with our tradition of having strawberry shortcake on Canada Day. I just couldn’t face turning on the oven to make the biscuits. So instead I made a lime mousse to serve with the strawberries and whipped cream. It was very tasty, but Adrian and I thought the mousse needed to be a bit lighter, so below is the adjusted recipe. It is NOT low-fat, but it sure was tasty!

Lime curd, strawberries and cream


  • 1 tablespoon butterLime curd
  • 2 whole eggs
  • 2 egg yolks
  • 1 teaspoon lime zest (or lemon zest)
  • 1/2 cup sugar
  • 1/4 cup fresh lime juice (or lemon juice)
  • 1 cup heavy cream, whipped

DirectionsLime curd with whipped cream

  1. Bring water to a boil in the bottom of a double boiler, then turn heat down so water maintains a vigorous simmer while you cook the lime curd.
  2. Melt butter in top of double boiler.
  3. Mix together eggs, egg yolks, lime zest and juice, sugar and salt in bowl, beating until smooth. Pour into double boiler top.
  4. Stir mixture constantly with whisk until it thickens to the consistency of custard (about 10 minutes).
  5. Place double boiler top in a bowl of ice water (make sure it is not full enough to allow water to leak into custard.
  6. Cover custard with plastic wrap — make sure the wrap is against the surface of the custard to prevent a skin from forming.
  7. Refrigerate custard until cool, usually about an hour.
  8. Whip cream until it is very stiff.
  9. Gently fold cream into custard until just blended.
  10. Spoon mousse into individual serving bowls.
  11. Surround with unsugared berries and top with vanilla whipped cream.
Sharon lives in Kingston, Ontario, where she is counting the days until her return to Nova Scotia (10.25 days, give or take a half-hour).
Welcome to our family’s discussion forum on food. If you’d like to submit a post, please consider yourself family, and email us at

After a good dinner, one can forgive anybody, even one’s own relations.”

- Oscar Wilde, A Woman of No Importance

Strawberry shortcake, deconstructed

Blog strawberry shortcake photoSharon Jessup Joyce

It’s strawberry season, so we’re eating as many of those juicy heart-shaped berries as we can right now. We’re roasting strawberries to add to muffins and ice cream, stirring them into yogurt, slicing them into green salads, pureeing the soft ones for smoothies and daiquiris, and enjoying them whole on fruit plates. And of course we’re eating them in that iconic dessert, strawberry shortcake.

Today I wanted to take a treat to our kind friends at Princess Animal Hospital. Mina, Seth and Spenser have been their patients for over a decade, and we’ve often wished the health care our human family members got was as loving, skilled and timely as that given to our four-legged family members. Since it’s the last week in June, I really wanted to bring them strawberry shortcake, using the juicy berries I had on hand. But while it’s usually a crowd-pleaser, this dish didn’t seem to be a treat that would be easy to enjoy during a workday in a veterinary hospital. So I decided to deconstruct strawberry shortcake, and let our friends assemble their own dessert. Another advantage to the deconstructed presentation is that people can choose to eat one, two or all three components of the dish.

Usually I make strawberry shortcake with only slightly-sweeted biscuits, unsweetened cream, and sliced or halved sugared berries. But the berries are so perfect right now that I wanted to keep them whole or halved. I also thought that would work better for anyone who wanted to eat only berries or needed to enjoy their treat later on. So I increased the sugar in the biscuits, and added a bit of sugar and a generous dollop of vanilla paste to the cream, leaving the berries just as nature made them.


This recipe is adapted from the Five Roses Cookbook – as I’ve mentioned before, it was my grandmother’s favourite cookbook, and is great for classic baked goods. The original recipe calls for shortening and regular milk, but you can’t beat the flavour of biscuits made with butter and buttermilk.  The recipe also calls for all-purpose flour only, but I find a mixture of all-purpose and cake flour gives the biscuits a silky texture. When I am using sugared berries, I reduce the sugar in the recipe to 2 tablespoons.

Blog strawberry shortcake deconstructed


  • 3 cups flour (2 cups all purpose and 1 cup cake flour)
  • 4 teaspoons baking powder
  • 1/4 cup sugar
  • 3/4 teaspoon cinnamon
  • Pinch salt
  • 6 tablespoons cold butter
  • 1-1/5 cups buttermilk


Delicious biscuits are about great ingredients, careful handling and not overbaking.

  1. Preheat oven to 425 degrees F or 400 degrees F convect.
  2. Line a baking sheet with parchment.
  3. Blend all dry ingredients thoroughly in a large bowl.
  4. Cut butter into 6 pieces and drop into dry ingredients; using a pastry blender, cut butter into dry ingredients until butter pieces are about the size of small peas.
  5. Pour buttermilk all at once over dry ingredients and butter mixture.
  6. Stir gently until milk and dry ingredients are blended. Don’t overmix! Dough will be very moist and shaggy.
  7. Turn dough onto lightly floured board and rub your hands with a bit of flour.
  8. Gently flatten dough with hands to form a rectangle about 1-1/2 inches thick.
  9. Using a sharp knife, slice biscuits into squares OR use a round biscuit cutter.
  10. Place biscuits on baking sheet, approximately 2 inches apart. This recipe makes 12 large or 18-20 small biscuits.
  11. Bake biscuits for 12 minutes (small size) to 16 minutes (larger size). Cooked biscuits should be slightly golden, never brown.
  12. Sprinkle tops of warm biscuits with a little sugar (optional).
  13. Serve warm or at room temperature.

Vanilla whipped cream

For each cup of whipping cream, add 2 teaspoons sugar and 1 teaspoon real vanilla paste or extract. Add sugar and vanilla once cream is almost whipped. If you’re transporting the cream to another location, as I was, make sure the cream is beaten until peaks are quite stiff.

The treat was received with kind enthusiasm by our friends at the best veterinary hospital there is. Even Princess, the hospital’s CEO, seemed intrigued when I set the plates of food down. Here she is, looking at me through a window. Perhaps she’s daydreaming about whipped cream?Princess looking out low window at PAH


Sharon divides her time between Kingston, Ontario and St. Margaret’s Bay, Nova Scotia, and enjoys cooking, eating and sharing food with friends.
Welcome to our family’s discussion forum on food. If you’d like to submit a post, please consider yourself family, and email us at

After a good dinner, one can forgive anybody, even one’s own relations.”

- Oscar Wilde, A Woman of No Importance

Proud to be crunchy granola

Granola breakfast 3Sharon Jessup Joyce


When I started making my own granola, about 30 years ago, some people seemed to think I was being excessively DIY, like someone who would insist on weaving and dying the fabric for all her clothing. But I liked the flavour, price and health benefits of the homemade product, and I obviously wasn’t alone: making your own granola has become pretty commonplace.

I’ve developed a formula for granola, which results in a cereal that tastes great with yogurt and takes Bob, Adrian and me through to lunchtime. In a fit of scientific enthusiasm, I once worked out the protein, fat, carbohydrate and sodium per serving for my granola, but that information appears to have disappeared with the death of my previous computer. (Yes, I should do backups more regularly than I do, and yes, there was a lively discussion at our house that day about what constitutes “a serving.” Just so you know, my serving is a quarter-cup of granola with about two-thirds of a cup of yogurt.) I’ll crunch those nutritional numbers again and post them in the comments section. For now, let’s just say this granola is fairly low in both sugar and fat. My version does not have added salt.

One of the best parts about making homemade granola is the fun of combining flavours. Right now we are eating an almond-cherry-vanilla granola that is delicious. In the fall I use dried apples and cranberries, lots of pumpkin seeds and maple sugar. Another tasty combination uses dried peaches, pears and apricots, with powdered and diced candied ginger and slivered almonds. A granola that has dried cherries with pieces of dried peach and sliced hazelnuts is ridiculously good.

Granola proportions

  • 9 cups grain
  • 3 cups seeds or nuts
  • 2 cups dried fruit (or 2-1/2 cups, if I’m being honest)
  • 1 cup freshly-ground flax seed
  • 1/4 to 1/3 cup sugar (brown, maple or white)
  • 1/4 cup nut, seed or vegetable oil
  • 1 tablespoon spices (optional)
  • Pinch of salt (optional)


Method and ingredient considerations

Grain: I’m boring. I like to use large-flake non-quick-cook oats for my grain. I used to put wheat germ or wheat hearts in my granola. I stopped using it for Summer’s sake, and then we all decided we liked the cereal better without the wheat anyway. I’ve flirted with other grains, but I always come back to oats.Lots of people do cool things with quinoa and the like, and I’ve given it a whirl, but I am now at peace with my oat preference.

Seeds or nuts: Use raw or roasted, and not salted or with added oil. My favourites are almonds, which go with lots of flavours and are widely available sliced and slivered, and pumpkin seeds, which are yummy. We have various nut and seed allergies and aversions at our house, so this turns out to be the trickiest bit for us. But all nuts and seeds work. Don’t use whole nuts, since you’ll lose that nice experience of having some nutty flavour and texture in every bite of your cereal.

Dried fruit: It’s fun to use a combination. If the fruit is bigger than a raisin, cut it into raisin-size bites, on the same principle as using sliced or slivered nuts. The prettiest granola I make has a combination of cranberries and apricot and apple pieces (all dried). The batch pictured here has two kinds of cherries, because when there are cherries in a dish, I get mad if I have to eat any fruit that is not a cherry. You may not suffer from this issue, and can mix cherries and other fruits with abandon.

Flax seed: White, brown or red are all fine (and have been found to be nutritionally equal). Keep the whole seeds in a sealed container in the freezer and grind only as much as you need for a dish. I grind mine in a coffee grinder that never, but never grinds coffee.

Oil and sugar: I mix the ground flax seed with the oil and sugar. I usually use pumpkin, sunflower or almond oil. If I want to use honey or maple syrup instead of sugar, or if I am adding vanilla extract or paste, I still mix it with the flax and oil. Mix it together with a fork or your hands  – I use my hands because I do like to play with my food — until you have grainy-textured nuggets around the size of a pea. Blend this mixture well with the grain and nut/seed ingredients and spices and a bit of salt (if using). You will still  have little lumps of flax/oil/sugar, but try to make sure they are very small lumps. They will be tasty little treats in your finished granola.

Bake: Don’t add your dried fruit yet. Put the rest of the granola on a large baking sheet. For the above quantity, I use a commercial half-sheet, covered in parchment. I bake my granola in a 275-degree F oven for about 40 minutes, stirring it 2 or 3 times. Don’t let your granola get brown. You are lightly toasting everything, that’s all.

Add fruit: Add the fruit when you take the granola out of the oven. Let the granola cool completely before bagging it. I keep granola in the freezer in 2-cup amounts, and keep out just enough at a time to fill the granola jar, pictured here.

Overly-dry dried fruit: If you think the fruit is too dry or has a crystallized texture, pour about 1/4 cup boiling water or apple cider on the fruit, stir it around, let it sit for a few minutes, then drain. Spread fruit out on a plate or board covered in a towel or paper towel to remove extra moisture. If you want a crunchier granola texture, you can add the water you used to soften the dried fruit to the flax/oil/sugar mixture. You may need to bake the granola a few minutes longer if you do this.

We eat our granola with yogurt, either plain or plain that has been jazzed up with some boiled apple cider, vanilla paste, honey or maple syrup (or a combination). There is a bit of tension in our granola world between Adrian, who wants it sweeter, and me, who doesn’t. Bob cheerfully eats whatever granola is in the jar. We have now negotiated a peace treaty whereby our granola is much less sweet than any commercial variety I have tasted, but still offers a little sweetness if you eat it with plain yogurt. If you want it to be sweeter, you can support your local maple syrup or honey producer and pour a dollop of syrup or honey into your yogurt.


Sharon is back in Kingston, Ontario, where she is pining for the Atlantic Ocean, but grateful for her KitchenAid range.
Welcome to our family’s discussion forum on food. If you’d like to submit a post, please consider yourself family, and email us at

After a good dinner, one can forgive anybody, even one’s own relations.”

- Oscar Wilde, A Woman of No Importance

Dates and cocoa

By Summer

blog brownie photo summer

Working insane amounts and being on a cleanse (don’t worry, I can still manage to “cleanse” and eat copious amounts of food) isn’t very conducive to food blogging, but I decided to buckle down and write about the two ingredients that currently feature high on my shopping list: cocoa and dates.

The first recipe isn’t mine at all. I’ve taken it directly off the great blog My New Roots. There are only three main ingredients, plus salt, but the whole is definitely more than the sum of its parts in this case. It’s unbelievable how much these dense little squares actually taste like brownies. They in fact don’t taste like dates at all. And they are cleanse-friendly! My boss Mark loves them.

The hot cocoa was invented out of my desire for dessert while on this ^&*^% cleanse. It had to be in liquid form (those are the evening rules) and could not contain any sugar or dairy. One evening I decided to blend up a couple of dates with some cocoa and the non-dairy milk I had in the fridge. The result was surprisingly rich and delicious. Even better than the real thing, dare I say?

Raw brownies

2 cups whole walnuts

2 ½ cups Medjool dates, pitted (use nice plump ones)

1 cup raw cacao (I actually don’t bother with raw)

1 cup raw unsalted almonds, roughly chopped (or just more walnuts or pecans)

¼ tsp. sea salt


Grind up the walnuts in the food processor. Add the cocoa and salt and pulse to combine. While the food processor is running, add the dates one at a time. The end mix should be a moist crumbly mess that will stick together when pressed.

Empty the contents of the food processor into a bowl and fold in the chopped almonds (or other nuts). Press into a pan lined with foil or parchment paper. Cover and refrigerate until firm. Cut into squares and return to the fridge or freeze.


Desperation hot cocoa

  •  2 or 3 small dates
  • 1 tbsp. cocoa
  • pinch of salt
  • 2 cups non-dairy milk (anything unsweetened: almond, rice, oat, millet, hemp)

It’s important that the dates be soaked first. I put a bunch in a bowl (they don’t have to be very soft ones but should be nice quality) and pour boiling water over top to just cover. I then cover them and stick them in the fridge overnight. This softens the dates so that they blend well, and the soaking water turns into a deliciously sweet syrup that you can add to the cocoa or anything else (especially when you’re on this cleanse).

To make the cocoa, put two or three of the soaked dates in the blender along with a splash of the syrup the dates are sitting in. Add a bit of whatever milk you’re using and blend until the dates are pureed. Next, add the cocoa, salt and the rest of the milk and blend until frothy. Pour into a pan and heat.

Apologetic site administrator’s note: If these recipes have an autumnal air, it’s because I forgot to post this contribution from Summer back in October when she sent it. But it’s always the right time for a good brownie, so enjoy!

Summer lives in Switzerland. In her spare time, she is either on her bicycle or in her kitchen.
Welcome to our family’s discussion forum on food. If you’d like to submit a post, please consider yourself family, and email us at

After a good dinner, one can forgive anybody, even one’s own relations.”

Flexible fruit muffins

Sharon Jessup Joyce

Blog blueberry muffin

My sister Susan is a Cordon Bleu-trained chef. But even before her formal food education, she was creative and gifted in the kitchen, with a passion for sustainable and local eating when it was considered a bit odd, instead of hip or responsible. She has  always loved the challenge of using what you have on hand. Susan’s starting point for a meal is usually “What ingredients do I have?” or “What’s in season?” as opposed to “What ingredients do I need to get?” She has run professional kitchens and raised five children on this philisophy, turning out amazing meals, day after day, year after year.

I thought of this recently when I ran out of flour, sugar and buttermilk at the Nova Scotia house. I wanted to make blueberry muffins, using a memorized recipe from the good old Five Roses Cookbook, a standby in my grandmother’s kitchen, and a favourite of mine for classic baked goods, such as pound cake, biscuits, scones and cake-style muffins. But I didn’t want to drive into town to the grocery store, so I improvised, Susan-style, using maple sugar instead of regular sugar, 1 part corn meal to 3 parts flour, and 1 part yogurt whey (I was making yogurt cheese at the time) to 2 parts buttermilk.

It occurred to me, when I made these substitutions, that Susan’s philosophy has influenced me much more than I realized: I’m not even using the Five Roses muffin recipe as published. I’ve already tweaked this recipe by reducing the  sugar or using maple sugar, increasing the amount of fruit (my late mother-in-law used to say my muffins were mostly fruit, with just enough batter to hold a muffin shape), and using buttermilk instead of regular milk.

After decades of trial and error in the kitchen, I know the more we understand how ingredients and flavours work, the more we are freed from a recipe straightjacket. I’ve found my kitchen art by developing my understanding of cooking chemistry (the function each ingredient serves) and cooking math (the proportions of each ingredient needed). Getting out of the recipe straightjacket allows us to change any dish to our tastes or needs. For example, I can now create low-fat, non-wheat, dairy-free and vegetarian versions of all sorts of dishes that I wanted to keep in my repertoire. Of course, this brave experimental approach sometimes results in garbage. I once created an homage to the song “Scarborough Fair,” by seasoning sole with parsley, sage, rosemary and thyme. It tasted horrible. That day I learned delicate white fish does not want to be paired with robust, woodsy herbs like rosemary and sage. But since that combination of herbs is lovely with poultry, maybe it would work in a vegetarian stew with root veggies and great northern beans? It did. It was delicious.

So here, as a tribute to Susan, who has always encouraged me to have fun, be brave and “just try it and see,”  is my favourite fruit muffin recipe, which – in true Susan style – is not a recipe, but a set of guidelines and proportions I’ve worked out over the years. The nice thing about experimenting with muffins is that they are the most forgiving of pastries.

And those blueberry-corn meal muffins tasted sensational, by the way.

Blog blueberry muffins batter (2)

Fruit muffins (with the Five Roses Cookbook recipe as a starting place)


  • 3 cups flour
  • 1/4 to 1/3 cup sugar
  • 4 teaspoons baking powder
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 1/2 to 1 teaspoon spices (e.g., cinnamon, nutmeg, ginger, allspice)
  • 3 eggs
  • 1/4 cup melted butter or vegetable oil
  • 1 1/2 cups buttermilk or other milk (e.g., almond milk)
  • 1 teaspoon  vanilla (optional)
  • 1 1/2 to 2 cups fruit


  1. Blend all dry ingredients in a medium-sized bowl.Blog blueberry muffins ready for oven (2)
  2. Melt butter and mix with buttermilk.
  3. Stir in vanilla (if using).
  4. Beat eggs and add to milk-butter mixture.
  5. Pour liquid mixture all at once over dry mixture and stir gently until just blended.
  6. Scoop muffin batter into muffin tins. Many recipes suggest filling muffin tins 2/3 full; I suggest you fill them above the top (see photo above), so the muffins will be prettier and more tender.
  7. Preheat oven to 425 degrees F or 400 degrees F convect bake.
  8. Bake muffins in fully preheated oven for 14 to 20 minutes. Muffins are done when tops are golden. You will probably need the full 20 minutes if you used lots of fruit.


Tips for variations

Flour: I usually use Five Roses Never Bleached all-purpose flour or a mixture of wheat flour with spelt, kamut or oat flour. If I use whole-grain flour, I reduce it by 1 ounce for each cup of flour and increase the baking powder by 1/2 teaspoon. I find that up to 40% whole grain flour or cornmeal doesn’t really affect texture much. Spelt and kamut are silkier than wheat, so the resulting dough or batter is softer and stickier. Resist the temptation to add more flour! The muffins will be fine, though easier to manage if cooked in paper muffin tin liners.

Sugar: I substitute brown sugar or maple sugar for white sugar. We use a lot of maple sugar at our house, which we often buy at Acadian Maple Products. Maple sugar is good with everything, but especially nice with apple and rhubarb, and brown sugar is lovely with peaches. If you use honey or maple syrup, the texture of your muffins will change (they will rise less, for one thing), but they will still be tasty. Cut back your milk by 1/4 cup.  I do take into account the relative sweetness of the fruit, adding a little less sugar for peach muffins, for example, and more for rhubarb.

Butter or oil and nuts/seeds: I usually use melted butter, but vegetable oil, or nut or seed oil work well, too. I don’t often put nuts or seeds in my muffins because Adrian doesn’t care much for them, and there are some nut and seed allergies to consider, but I have put slivered almonds in peach muffins and topped cherrry muffins with roasted hazelnut dust – both tasty additions.

Toppings: You can put a topping on muffins. Brush the cooked muffins, when they are still warm, with a bit of melted butter, and then roll them, top-down, on cinnamon sugar, or powdered or chopped nuts. I have given apple-spice muffins with a cinnamon-sugar topping as a gift, and they are always a hit.

Using fruit in muffins

Fruit: Most fruits work better in this recipe if they have been cooked down or roasted first (see below). As I said, I love to really pack the fruit into my muffins, which means the muffins take a little longer to cook. If you open one up fresh from the oven, and it is not quite cooked in the centre, put the muffins back in the warm oven (still in the muffin tin), with the oven off, for another 5 minutes.

Cooking down fruit: This works well for apples, peaches, nectarines and apricots. Peel and dice the fruit and cook it, uncovered, in a small saucepan, along with a bit of water, a bit of maple syrup, boiled apple cider and apple-loving spices, such as cinnamon, cloves, allspice and nutmeg, or peach-loving spices such as ginger or cinnamon. Cook the fruit until it is soft and the liquid has reduced down to the consistency of thin syrup. If you want to cook fruit until it is just tender, strain and measure the liquid in the saucepan, and replace that amount of buttermilk in your recipe with the fruit cooking liquid. I generally use 3 or 4 apples or peaches per batch of muffins, depending on the size of the fruit. When it comes to the best variety of apple for muffins, I like Macintosh, Granny Smith, Northern Spy and Cortland, but I’d say anything except Delicious or Golden Delicious works. A combination of different apple varieties is great in late summer/early fall, when there are so many fresh apples to choose from.

Roasting fruit: Clean and cut fruit (e.g., strawberries, peaches, rhubarb, cherries) into bite-sized pieces. I usually roast mine in a pyrex cake pan, which is easily cleaned. Allow 2 cups of fruit for every 1 cup of finished roasted fruit. Add a bit of sugar to taste (I use very little, but Adrian prefers more) and roast in a 350-degree F oven until fruit is falling apart and juices have been fully released. Stir in cornstarch (about 1 tablespoon for every two cups of raw fruit) and return to oven for 15 to 20 minutes. Your finished product should be about the consistency of canned cherry pie filling – but it will taste much, much better!

Raw fruit: Rasberries, blackberries and wild blueberries can be used fresh or frozen. Just toss the fruit with about a teaspoon of flour for every cup of fruit before adding to the batter. A mixture of rasberries and blueberries makes very pretty and tasty muffins.

When these various fruits are in season, I prepare batches of them according to how we use them (e.g., cooked peaches, roasted strawberries or fresh blueberries) and put Blog Millen farms blueberriesthem in freezer bags in 1-cup or 2-cup batches. They don’t take up much room and are delicious in so many things. Here in Nova Scotia, I don’t have access to my freezer of fruit, so I bought a container of local frozen blueberries from Millen Farms. I got a 1 kg tub for less than I would have to pay in Ontario for fresh wild blueberries in season, and they are perfect – firm, ripe berries with no twigs or leaves to sort and discard, and really nice flavour. These are a great find, and I’m supporting a local food producer – I know Susan will approve!


Sharon lives in Kingston, Ontario, and Hacketts Cove, NS, and is grateful for everything she learned from her big sister.
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After a good dinner, one can forgive anybody, even one’s own relations.”

- Oscar Wilde, A Woman of No Importance